The map below shows the areas of the West Bank over which Yasser Arafat's
Palestinian Authority (PA) has jurisdiction according to the interim
agreements between Israel and the PLO, as of December 2000. Explanatory notes follow.
In Area A (brown), the main Arab urban areas, Israel
has fully withdrawn. The PA has complete
control over all civilian administration, and its paramilitary police
force is in charge of security.
Note how close these areas come to
Israel's main civilian centers, such as Jerusalem, Tel Aviv, Haifa,
Beersheba and Netanya. The Kalkilya zone practically borders on
the Israeli city of Kfar Sava (not shown), and both the Ramallah and
Bethlehem zones border on Jerusalem.
(Nearly all of the Gaza region is also considered part of Area A.)
In Area B (yellow), the Arab towns and villages, the
PA has full civilian authority but it shares security responsibility
with Israel. Joint Israel-PA patrols operate here. In practical terms,
Israel has very little presence. Nearly all of the strategic
mountainous high ground is covered by Area B.
Area C (white) consists mainly of uninhabited desert
regions to the east and south. All Jewish communities and Israeli
military bases are also part of Area C, as enclaves. Furthermore,
Area C includes all the main roads between Jewish communities
and also between the Arab towns in Areas A and B.
The pink region marks the current municipal boundaries
The unanswered question is:
Will the arrangements shown in the map
above satisfy the ambitions of the Palestinians, or will they only
lead to further friction and strife?
Another map shows the situation as of 1996, resulting from the "Oslo B" agreement.
Another map shows the distances from the
West Bank and Gaza to Israel's main population centers.
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